The Integrity Initiative is a non-partisan programme of The Institute for Statecraft, a non-partisan charity which promotes good governance. The Integrity Initiative looks specifically at the use of disinformation and malign influence to undermine the values of democratic societies.
This is an edited translation of an article in Spanish published on Agenda Pública/El País. Published with permission.
The original is here.
Are Western sanctions on Russia working? Their effects on the economy as a whole, and on specific sectors, are much scrutinised. By contrast, their impact on Russia’s economic elite remains little studied. Yet this could prove highly significant, for two reasons. First, many elites are heavily dependent on access to Western economic and legal systems. Second, they are well placed to protect their interests. Elites have stronger intrinsic motivation and ability to minimise sanctions’ effects than the wider population.
Edward Lucas is Senior Vice President at the Centre for European Policy Analysis (www.cepa.org)
Imagine that it is 1 September 1939. German troops have just attacked Poland. Should the outside world a) call for calm b) denounce Hitler’s aggression c) help Poland?